How CBD Oil Is Made: Step By Step Guide

Since its release, health enthusiasts, beauticians, and patients have been eager to test, study, and research CBD oil’s numerous promising advantages — but how is CBD oil made? Why are so many people anxious to try the new products on the market? How much should we consume? What criteria should we have in mind to judge the standards? What do CBD and hemp oil have in common?

Cannabidiol is the abbreviation for cannabidiol. It is one of several chemicals found in hemp flowers and marijuana plants. CBD oil is a supplement that users can add to various items, including lip balm, lotions, beverages, and gummies. Read on to discover step-by-step extraction methods of CBD oil.

Making CBD Oil

Simply put, CBD oil is produced by extracting cannabidiol from the flowers and buds of hemp or marijuana plants. Depending on the amount of THC, the chemical that causes a high when taken, Cannabis sativa can be classified as either a hemp plant or marijuana.

It is technically hemp if the Sativa plant has less than 0.3 percent THC. Marijuana is defined as a plant that contains more than 0.3 percent THC. Because hemp contains more CBD and is legal in all 50 states, it is also commonly used for CBD extraction. But how is CBD extracted from the plant? Depending on the CBD manufacturer, the method varies.

There are different techniques for obtaining CBD from the hemp plant, each with its own set of risks and benefits. It’s crucial to understand the differences because the way CBD is extracted affects the purity and potency of the final product. We will review the most common method and then talk about how you can make CBD oil at home.

Step 1: Hemp Plantation

The soil is prepared and evaluated for herbicides before the hemp seeds are sown in the soil. Hemp flower is an excellent crop since it allows each plant to be cultivated just four inches apart! So, hemp provides a higher yield while using less land. According to Farm Journal, the best time to sow hemp is between the third and first week of May. Hemp grows quickly after seeding and germinates within 60 days.

Step 2: Harvest 

It all starts with the hemp plant’s blossoms. The resin glands of the plant’s trichomes are the most common source of cannabinoids. Depending on the climate of the growing location, the plants are generally harvested around October.

A sample of each crop is analyzed and cleared by the state’s department of agriculture before it can be harvested. This analysis ensures that the farm complies with federal standards and that its hemp contains less than 0.3 percent THC.

Step 3: CBD Oil Extraction Method

As the name suggests, extraction is the process of extracting CBD from the hemp plant to convert it into a form that you can consume or apply topically. Each extraction procedure produces a slightly different result. Nevertheless, the raw extract has a thick, oily texture and a dark, almost black coloration, depending on how it’s extracted.

There are various extraction processes, each with its advantages and disadvantages. Here’s an overview of the most popular extraction methods:

Co2 Extraction: Carbon dioxide extraction is the most popular and effective method for extracting CBD oil. One reason for this is the molecule’s unique properties, which can function in solid, liquid, and gaseous forms. C02 is placed in a container with a cannabis plant and held at a specific pressure, allowing the liquid state of the C02 to absorb the plant’s essence. The C02- cannabinoid material goes back to the gaseous state in the next container. What remains is the oil.

Liquid Extraction: This is similar to how C02 is used to produce CBD oil. Although liquid extraction is less expensive and less complicated, it has drawbacks. There can be more impurities in liquids than in C02 (such as ethanol, butane, and hexane). This can result in a more bitter, greener oil. It is possible to obtain a purer oil by refining and changing the method.

Avocado & Olive Oil: Oil infusion is perhaps one of the most straightforward and most conventional CBD extraction techniques. Oil infusion involves:

  • Activating the plant material by heating it to a specific temperature.
  • Adding the correct ‘carrier oil’ like olive oil or avocado oil.
  • Heat it for 1-2 hours at a hundred degrees Celsius.

One disadvantage is that you cannot evaporate the carrier oil in the mixture.

Winterization (Alcohol Extraction): In this method, saturated fat, waxes, and lipids are extracted from the plant material by drawing everything away. Before putting the oil in the freezer, you must first extract it at a high temperature and mix it with alcohol. Remember that the extracted oil often requires further refining and filtering after removing it from the freezer. You can remove the heavier components with a filter paper and an extraction jar while the alcohol evaporates when the mixture is heated to the proper temperature.

Finalize Cannabis Oil with Coconut Oil

After CBD is isolated from the plant in its purest form, it is mixed with other ingredients such as flavours and carrier oil. Like hemp seed or coconut (MCT) oil, oils work well as full-spectrum CBD carriers.

Test the Pure CBD Oil

The process or solvent used in producing a CBD product does not tell the whole story. Extraction is just the beginning. Even if solvents are employed in the extraction process, all left at the end is purified CBD. More importantly, the quality of your final product is determined by your production methods and standards.

Homemade CBD Oil Guide

Homemade CBD oil won’t be as precise as professionally extracted CBD oils, but many prefer to make their own CBD oil. You’ll only need two ingredients to produce CBD oil at home: high-CBD hemp flower and a carrier oil like MCT, hemp seed, or olive oil.

Step 1: Extract CBD

If you want to make CBD oil, make sure the CBD has been converted (from the inactive precursor CBDA.) CBDA is an acid with a variety of health benefits of its own, but it lacks the properties of CBD. In simpler terms, you need to extract CBD and activate its components. Since the cannabis plant’s chemicals aren’t active or accessible on their own, you need to start them with warmth. This is why high CBD hemp flowers are traditionally smoked.

You can also activate these molecules without smoking by heating them in other ways. Some users prepare hemp flowers in a slow cooker or cook them in the oven for about an hour. We don’t recommend this. To fully activate CBD and other cannabinoids and get the most out of your plant material, you’ll need a precision cooker (also known as decarboxylation) that can maintain the exact temperatures required.

Note: If you don’t have a precision cooker, you can decarb the hemp flower by baking it for 1 hour at 280 degrees Fahrenheit. Then put it in a saucepan, add the oil, and let it soak for about 2 hours on the lowest setting.

Step 2- Choose Between Different Extraction Methods

If you want to make CBD oil for the first time at home, you’ll need to figure out which method to choose. Food grade alcohol or carrier oil are the two options for amateurs. The hemp plant is soaked in alcohol until its beneficial chemicals are extracted in an alcohol extraction process.

Because the extract becomes more potent over time, the technique also requires patience. Due to the fat solubility of CBD, the second method uses natural plant oils as carriers. You can use hemp seed, olive, and coconut oil for this delicate approach.

Making CBD Oil Tips

  1. Choose a CBD-rich flower.
  2. Use a nutritious carrier fat that is of high quality.
  3. Be as specific as possible.
  4. Keep your CBD oil in the same place you’d keep any other herb-infused oil.
  5. To enhance the flavour of the oil, try adding natural flavourings.

Advantages of Buying Extracted CBD Oil

Now that you know how to produce your own CBD oil at home, you’re undoubtedly curious about how it compares to commercially produced oils obtained through CO2 extraction. CO2 extraction is the industry’s gold standard. This approach makes safe, high-quality products, but it requires:

  • An expensive triple-chamber machine
  • A considerable amount of flowers
  • The supervision of an experienced specialist

CO2 extraction, unlike any other procedure, ensures pure and potent products. If you want high-quality options, CO2-extracted CBD oil like Power-Up: 1000MG CBD Oil or Power-Up: 500 MG CBD Oil are your best bet.

CBD Health Benefits

The list of researchable benefits and uses of CBD oil is long and growing. Anxiety, seizure, neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory/pain relief effects are currently the main research areas. Unlike many pharmaceutical medications, CBD oil is originally a plant (meaning it is an entirely natural remedy). Because of its biological roots, there are little to no side effects.

We hope that CBD oil will treat more and more severe health problems as research continues. For now, we should think of CBD oil as a comprehensive health supplement. Similar to a dietary supplement rich in antioxidants – most effective when combined with a healthy diet and lifestyle.

CBD oil affects mood, pain, hunger, and memory by interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system. Let’s examine CBD oil’s health benefits one by one.


Almost all studies have shown that CBD can help with stress reduction, PTSD symptoms, sleeplessness, and lowering heart rate (a physical sign of anxiety). It can also alter the brain’s response to serotonin, which is associated with mood swings and mental disorders.


CBD oil has been demonstrated in studies to be effective in treating epilepsy. With continued CBD use, seizures have been observed to become less frequent. Researchers are also carrying out studies to learn more about how patients can safely use the oil.


CBD oil can treat neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s, which affect the nerves and brain. 

These conditions are associated with the ‘CB1’ receptor, which CBD oil helps activate. Scientists have proven that CBD has a beneficial effect on this receptor by stimulating molecules to proliferate, thereby increasing the activity of the receptor. CBD oil is also associated with reducing inflammation, which aggravates many disorders.

Pain-Relief & Anti-Inflammatory Properties 

CBD has shown promise in treating arthritis, muscle discomfort, and spinal cord injuries due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.

Final Thoughts

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a natural substance derived from the hemp plant. When choosing a CBD product, keep in mind that the process we use to make CBD oil is not always the same. There is a lot of misinformation and, what’s worse, a lot of low-quality products out there. So when deciding on a brand, be sure to ask as many questions as possible.

The CBD sector has a long history, but technological developments in recent years have resulted in better products. Thanks to improved production methods and constant innovation, CBD oil can reach a wider audience, helping a growing number of people.

Although the entire process of making high-quality CBD oil involves several steps, a direct and transparent supply chain assists in the production of high-quality products. So if you want to save time and money, making your bottle of CBD oil at home is an excellent way to get started with CBD. In the meantime, research the CBD market and compare different companies online to find a good deal on high-quality products.

You should keep in mind that it is better to buy CBD oil that has been professionally extracted, especially if you want to treat a specific ailment. Commercial products are carefully made, but they also display the exact ingredients on the bottle.